The Spring of the Arab Monarchies
"Here we are, approaching the end of the fourth year of the uprisings that erupted in more than one country across the Arab world, from East to West. I intentionally say 'uprisings,' since what happened in recent years in all these countries cannot in any way be termed 'revolution' in the political science sense of the word.
 Metransparent.com, March 1, 2015.
 Muhammad 'Ali Pasha (1769-1849), considered the founder of modern Egypt, was an Albanian Muslim who served as an officer in the Ottoman Army. He was appointed Ottoman governor of Egypt in 1805, after thwarting the advances of Napoleon's army.
 Musaylimah bin Habib Al-Hanafi was a contemporary of Muhammad who also claimed to be a prophet. He is considered a false prophet in Islam, and therefore is referred to as Musaylimah the Liar.
Translated and published by: MEMRI
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